Buchanan, R. D. (2012). Australia. In D. Baker (Ed). The Oxford Handbook of the History of Psychology: Global Perspectives. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195366556; DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195366556.001.0001
[from the web]
Australian psychology has a relatively long history that mirrors the story of modern psychology in Europe and America. It was born of colonialism, and its institutional structure retains significant provincial features. The discipline had its roots in the British-style public universities in the major cites, spreading from this academic base into various applied fields. Educational and clinical psychologists spearheaded this diversification. Although independent practice has recently become more common among Australian clinicians, most nonacademic work
has developed in various government programs and agencies. Teaching and research has come to refl ect an internationalist perspective, but some local and particular influences have still given it a home-grown flavor.